Today topic is History of the Android operating system
Today I will share some knowledge about android version ,name and release dates.We will also cover Some interesting facts about the Android OS.
What is Android ?
- Android is a software package and Linux based operating system for mobile devices such as tablet computers and smartphones.
- It is developed by Google and later the OHA (Open Handset Alliance). Java language is mainly used to write the Android code even though other languages can be used.
- The goal of the Android project is to create a successful real-world product that improves the mobile experience for end users.
History of Android
- The history and versions of android are interesting to know. The code names of android ranges from A to J currently, such as Aestro, Blender, Cupcake, Donut, Eclair, Froyo, Gingerbread, Honeycomb, Ice Cream Sandwitch, Jelly Bean, KitKat and Lollipop. Let’s understand the android history in a sequence.
- 1) Initially, Andy Rubin founded Android Incorporation in Palo Alto, California, United States in October, 2003.
- 2) In 17th August 2005, Google acquired android Incorporation. Since then, it is in the subsidiary of Google Incorporation.
- 3) The key employees of Android Incorporation are Andy Rubin, Rich Miner, Chris White and Nick Sears.
- 4) Originally intended for camera but shifted to smart phones later because of low market for camera only.
- 5) Android is the nick name of Andy Rubin given by coworkers because of his love to robots.
- 6) In 2007, Google announces the development of android OS.
- 7) In 2008, HTC launched the first android mobile.
Android 1.5 Cupcake
- The first official public code name for Android didn’t appear until version 1.5 Cupcake was released in April 2009. It added quite a few new features and improvements compared to the first two public versions, including things that we now take for granted, such as the ability to upload videos to YouTube, a way for a phone’s screen display to automatically rotate to the right positions, and support for third-party keyboards.
- Some of the phones that were released with Cupcake installed out of the box included the first Samsung Galaxy phone, along with the HTC Hero.
Android 1.6 Donut
- Google quickly launched Android 1.6 Donut in September 2009, Some of the new features included in Donut were support for carriers that used CDMA-based networks. This allowed Android phones to be sold by all carriers around the world.
- One of the phones that were sold with Donut installed was the ill-fated Dell Streak, which had a huge (at the time) 5-inch screen, and was described at the time on our own site as smartphone/tablet”. These days, a 5-inch display is considered to be averagely sized for a smartphone.
Android 2.0-2.1 Eclair
- In October 2009, about a year after the launch of Android 1.0, Google released version 2.0 of the OS, with the official code name Eclair. This version was the first to add Text-to-Speech support, and also introduced live wallpapers, multiple account support, and Google Maps navigation, among many other new features and improve.
- The Motorola Droid was the first phone that included Android 2.0 out of the box. The phone was also the first Android-based phone that was sold by Verizon Wireless.ments.
Android 2.2 Froyo
- Launched in May 2010, Android 2.2 Froyo (short for “frozen yogurt) was officially launched. Smartphones with Froyo installed could take advantage of several new features, including Wi-Fi mobile hotspot functions, push notifications via Android Cloud to Device Messaging (C2DM) service, flash support, and more.
- The first smartphone that carried Google’s Nexus branding, the Nexus One, launched with Android 2.1 out of the box earlier in 2010, but quickly received an over-the-air update to Froyo later that year. This marked a new approach for Google
Android 2.3 Gingerbread
- Android 2.3 Gingerbread, launched in September 2010, is currently the oldest version of the OS that Google still lists in its monthly platform version update page. As of September 13 2017, Google indicated that only 0.6 percent of all Android devices are currently running some version of Gingerbread.
- The OS received a user interface refresh under Gingerbread, and added support for using near field communication (NFC) functions for smartphones that had the required hardware. The first phone to add both Gingerbread and NFC hardware was the Nexus S.
Android 3.0 Honeycomb
- This version of the OS is perhaps the odd ball of the bunch. Honeycomb was released by Google for installation only on tablets and other mobile devices with larger displays than current smartphones. It was first introduced in February 2011, along with the first Motorola Xoom tablet, and included features such as a redesigned UI specifically for large screens, along with a notification bar placed on the bottom of a tablet’s display and more.
- The idea is that Honeycomb would offer specific features that could not be handled by the smaller displays found on smartphones at the time.
Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich
- Released in October 2011, the Ice Cream Sandwich version of Android brought a number of new features for users. It combined many of the features of the tablet-only Honeycomb version with the smartphone-oriented Gingerbread. It also included a “favorites tray” on the home screen, along with the first support for unlocking a phone by using its camera to take a picture of its owner’s face.
- That kind of biometric sign-in support has evolved and improved considerably since then. As of July 6, Google indicates that 0.7 percent of all Android devices are currently running some version of Android 4.0.
Android 4.1-4.3 Jelly Bean
- The Jelly Bean era of Android begin in June 2012 with the release of Android 4.1. Google quickly released versions 4.2 and 4.3, both under the Jelly Bean label, in October 2012 and July 2013 respectively.
- Some of the new features include in these software updates included new notification features that showed more content or action buttons, along with full support for the Android version of Google’s Chrome web browser, which was included in Android 4.2.
- Google Now also made an appearance as part of Search, and “Project Butter” was introduced to speed up animations and improve Android’s touch responsiveness. External Displays and Miracast also gained support, as did HDR photography.
Android 4.4 KitKat
- The name of Android 4.4 is the only version of the OS that actually uses a previously trademarked name for a piece of candy. Before it officially was launched in September 2013, the company released hints at its Google I/O conference that year, as well as other places, that the codename for Android 4.4 would actually be called Key Lime Pie.
- Indeed, most of Google’s Android team thought that was going to be the case as well. As it turned out Google’s director of Android global partnerships, John Lagerling, thought that “Key Lime Pie” would not be a familiar enough name to use to Android 4.4 worldwide.
Android 5.0 Lollipop
- First launched in the fall of 2014, Android 5.0 Lollipop was a major shakeup in the overall look of the operating system. It was the first version of the OS that used Google’s new Material Design language, which made
- liberal use of lighting and shadow effects, among other things, to simulate a paper-like
- look for the Android user interface.
- The UI also got some other changes for Lollipop, including a revamped navigation bar, rich notifications for the lock screen and much more. The subsequent Android 5.1 update made a few more under the hood changes. These included official support for dual-SIM, HD Voice calls, and Device Protection to keep thieves locked out of your phone even after a factory reset.
Android 6.0 Marshmallow
- Released in the fall of 2015, Android 6.0 Marshmallow used the sweet treat favored by campers over a fire as its main symbol. Internally, Google used “Macadamia Nut Cookie” to describe Android 6.0 before the official Marshmallow announcement.
- It included features such a new vertically scrolling app drawer, along with Google Now on Tap, native support for fingerprint biometric unlocking of a smartphone,USB Type-C support, the introduction of Android Pay, and much more. The first devices that shipped with Marshmallow pre-installed were Google’s Nexus 6P and Nexus 5X smartphones, along with its Pixel C tablet.
Android 7.0 Nougat
- Version 7.0 of Google’s mobile operating system launched in the fall of 2016. Before Nougat was revealed “Android N” was referred to internally by Google as “New York Cheesecake”. Just some of Nougat’s many new features included better multi-tasking functions for the growing number of smartphones that have bigger displays, such as split-screen mode, along with quick switching between apps.
- Google made a number of big changes behind the scenes too, like switching to a new JIT compiler to speed up apps, supported the Vulkan API for faster 3D rendering, and enabled OEMs to support its DayDream Virtual Reality platform. Google also used the release to make a bold push into the premium smartphone market. The company’s own branded smartphones, the Pixel and Pixel XL.
Android 8.0 Oreo
- In March 2017, Google officially announced and released the first developer preview for Android O, also known as Android 8.0. Even before that release, Hiroshi Lockheimer, the senior vice president of Android at Google, posted a GIF of an Oreo cake on his Twitter account in February 2017.
- That was the first solid hint that Oreo, the popular cookie made of two chocolate wafers with a creme filling in between, would indeed be the official code name for Android 8.0. In August, Google confirmed that Oreo would indeed be the public name for Android 8.0. It is the second time that Google chose a trademarked name for Android (Oreo is owned by Nabisco).
The future of Android beyond Oreo?
- Android has come a long way from its humble beginnings, as the product of a small start up, all the way to becoming the leading mobile operating system worldwide. There are hints that Google is in the very early stages of developing an all-new OS, called Fuchsia, that may support everything from smartphones to tablets, and even to notebook and desktop PCs. However, the company has said almost nothing about its plans for Fuchsia, and it’s more than possible that it may cancel its development.
- This just shows that Google is still extremely committed to furthering the development of Android, and has even tried to extend the mobile and tablet OS to other devices, including Android TV, Android Auto and Android Wear. Depending on which research firm you believe, Android’s worldwide smartphone market share is currently between 85 and 86 percent, with iOS a distant second at between 14 and 15 percent. All other mobile operating systems (Windows Phone/Windows 10 Mobile, BlackBerry, Tizen, and the rest) now have less that 0.1 percent of the phone market. In May 2017, during Google I/O, the company said there are now over 2 billion active devices running some version of the Android OS.
History of android on youtube
Source : https://www.androidauthority.com/history-android-os-name-789433/
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